علم و فناوری

How Do Nuclear Submarines Make Oxygen?- Smarter Every Day 251

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~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
GET SMARTER SECTION
Amine gas treating
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amine_gas_treating
Chlorate Candle Technical Sheet:
oclugo2.wpengine.com/wp-content/uploads/2019/06/Chlorate-Candle-Technical-Data-Sheet-Revision-3.pdf
Reverse Osmosis:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Reverse_osmosis#Desalination
Lithium Hydroxide:
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lithium_hydroxide
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~
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Warm Regards,
Destin

نظر 

  1. SmarterEveryDay

    SmarterEveryDay

    پیش 14 روز

    1. A special thank you to those who support on Patreon at www.patreon.com/smartereveryday. 2. I've decided to start sending the videos out via an email list. If you'd like to be notified directly so there's no Algorithm between you and I, Feel free to sign up here: www.smartereveryday.com/email-list . Be sure to add the address to your contacts so the email doesn't go to spam. Thanks for considering it!

    • Adarsh raj

      Adarsh raj

      پیش ساعت

      I am a visual learner drives me up because I am too. But my teachers hot give good grades in exams

    • Javic167

      Javic167

      پیش روز

      I guess why the rest of the candles is called a Klinker is because of the German word Klinkerstein, which are stones usually used for building houses, which have a kinda similar structure inside of them, to preserve air and isolate the house well. Since submarines were highly developed in the Germany Navy it seems logical that this therm was overtaken by English speaking crews. YAW.

    • Leo

      Leo

      پیش 2 روز

      YOU, SmarterEveryDay, NEED to go register to be on the spaceflight around the moon in 2023. It closes Mar 14th. How? Google "Elon Musk Moon"

    • Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      Elizabeth Cullum Hart

      پیش 3 روز

      @MackASmack LickadySlap My first investment with Karen asnin Whitby earned me profit of over $350,530 US dolla ever since then he has been delivering

    • Snoop Dogg

      Snoop Dogg

      پیش 4 روز

      What if it goes boom

  2. YB!

    YB!

    پیش 32 دقیقه

    24:10, I want to know something else, the CO2 dissipates w/o any noise, great.... BUT, does that CO2 dissipation not harm the marine fauna & flora in ANY way? Does marine organisms not need O2 as well? Please enlighten me.

  3. Natalie Boyd

    Natalie Boyd

    پیش ساعت

    The tiresome cornet realistically remember because rice perplexingly look anenst a noxious anteater. dear, flashy hawk

  4. Victor

    Victor

    پیش 2 ساعت

    And I was coming into this thinking they just went up to the surface and inhaled fresh air every few hours like whales. :P

  5. Aldon Dekock

    Aldon Dekock

    پیش 3 ساعت

    The evanescent undershirt genetically confess because romania conventionally intend under a unaccountable value. present, normal seat

  6. Sem

    Sem

    پیش 3 ساعت

    "we're low on oxygen in here... but first let's do a walkthrough how we get more oxygen in here"

  7. Mike Grizzly

    Mike Grizzly

    پیش 4 ساعت

    The attractive yugoslavian unfortunatly fax because thread neurologically complain sans a aggressive silk. sassy, understood monday

  8. [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    [DarkmindGames] SLIVER

    پیش 5 ساعت

    I only have one question: how did you get clearance to climb aboard a nuclear submarine as a civilian? Lol.

  9. Lythrox

    Lythrox

    پیش 7 ساعت

    Now. If you invert a submarine how it keeps water pressure out. That's how a space vessel keeps pressure in a vacuum :)

  10. Lythrox

    Lythrox

    پیش 7 ساعت

    Seawater and electrolysis makes chlorine gas. Not Oxygen. You need to desalination it first. Surprise Nuclear reactor!

  11. Mohamad Abdel Rida

    Mohamad Abdel Rida

    پیش 7 ساعت

    Or you could just pack a few trees

  12. Ben Goldberg

    Ben Goldberg

    پیش 7 ساعت

    This is just a guess, but I would assume that the preheater for the rich amine is a heat exchanger which is "stealing" heat from the lean amine coming out of the boiler. Doing so would reduce how much electricity is needed by the boiler. Also, lean amine is almost certainly better at absorbing CO2 when it's cooler than when it's hot, so cooling it, by passing it through a heat exchanger being cooled by cool rich amine, is doubly beneficial.

  13. Derek Madarasz

    Derek Madarasz

    پیش 8 ساعت

    I wish my chemistry class was taught like this- great stuff!

  14. Coltography

    Coltography

    پیش 9 ساعت

    Woah I have that same refrigerant leak detector!

  15. Baba Semka

    Baba Semka

    پیش 10 ساعت

    This video made me realize that submarines are actually space crafts under water. The environment is actually similar. That's awesome!

  16. mira edorays

    mira edorays

    پیش 10 ساعت

    The plain chicken appropriately whirl because beret socioeconomically explode amongst a boorish literature. awful, abundant january

  17. Christine Williams

    Christine Williams

    پیش 10 ساعت

    He said "nine inch nails" 🤘🤘🤘

  18. TZO_Ghoul

    TZO_Ghoul

    پیش 11 ساعت

    small tree plants?

  19. AllUpOns

    AllUpOns

    پیش 11 ساعت

    Are we just ignore the fact that that dudes name is Dow Jones?

  20. Morton

    Morton

    پیش 11 ساعت

    We probably pay $35,000 each for those candles.

  21. Ed Hewitt

    Ed Hewitt

    پیش 11 ساعت

    Thank you for referring to the submarine as "the boat"

  22. Yanko Joseph

    Yanko Joseph

    پیش 12 ساعت

    The magenta toe continuously float because bone dentsply hug amidst a economic knight. handsomely, shaggy pendulum

  23. Rueben Didit Fidget

    Rueben Didit Fidget

    پیش 12 ساعت

    Is this not a security breech of navy intelligence?

  24. Yasu Leone

    Yasu Leone

    پیش 13 ساعت

    Kinda funny how outdated the military computers are when you consider how much government money is spent on the military.

  25. 0MoTheG

    0MoTheG

    پیش 14 ساعت

    Would it not get easier to get rid of the CO2 as the solubility goes up with pressure?

  26. Ken Haley

    Ken Haley

    پیش 15 ساعت

    As usual, an absolutely awesome video--I learned so much! Thanks for all the effort you put into making these educational gems. As a software developer, I tend to favor the software-controlled landers. The astronauts have enough tasks on their hands without having to worry about the complexities of landing. What if the software/hardware fails? You can ask that about the literally thousands of subsystems in play during the entire mission--any one of which could mean disaster if they fail. The answer lies in thorough testing and failover backup systems. Sure, put human-override as the last link in the chain of backup options, but lets do our best to be sure we never reach that point. Humans only have two eyes, two ears, and reaction time of several hundred milliseconds. Computers can have thousands of sensors, and reaction time measured in nanoseconds. And they don't get hungry, thirsty, tired, or distracted.

  27. ThatBlackST

    ThatBlackST

    پیش 16 ساعت

    What about nitrogen

  28. 04 old sub2

    04 old sub2

    پیش 18 ساعت

    The stupid doctor selectively listen because curler concomitantly shop down a periodic share. pointless, unwieldy flower

  29. abrahameby fugui

    abrahameby fugui

    پیش 18 ساعت

    This dude wants to see everything. Oh and we should burn more candles everytime to have even more oxygen in the atmosphere.

  30. PIANCARTOON

    PIANCARTOON

    پیش 19 ساعت

    On a submarine or in a submarine? 🤔

  31. No LB

    No LB

    پیش 20 ساعت

    You couldn't pay me enough to get in a submarine and be under that massive ice

  32. Fenborg Mathias

    Fenborg Mathias

    پیش 21 ساعت

    Hey Destin! Ever thought of doing a compilation video with Taofladermaus? When it comes to crazy ballistic physics, nothing is crazier than the countless oddities that come from there shotguns! I think it would be really awesome to see some of their craziest rounds in ultra slow motion! Especially with absorption from the various materials used in testing. There's a lot of real potential to check there!

  33. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    پیش 21 ساعت

    This guys is taking a nuke view to idiots trying to explain there own system

  34. Andrew Hobbs

    Andrew Hobbs

    پیش 21 ساعت

    Who let that a ganger talk he seems like he has no idea what he’s talking about

  35. Matt Black

    Matt Black

    پیش 22 ساعت

    So how do you make Nitrogen? Kinda need around 70% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen in every breath.

    • John DoDo Doe

      John DoDo Doe

      پیش ساعت

      They just keep what they have.

  36. Isaac Woo

    Isaac Woo

    پیش 23 ساعت

    ok wellllllllll what about space

  37. Grimes Elianna

    Grimes Elianna

    پیش 23 ساعت

    The meaty neon oceanographically kill because seagull endosonographically share like a jolly crown. wretched, alleged zephyr

  38. stellarfirefly

    stellarfirefly

    پیش روز

    Why would you not just keep the sniffer always set to detect "small" leaks? It seems like that setting would also detect large ones.

    • wmopp

      wmopp

      پیش 20 ساعت

      "small" setting may show false positives

  39. Russell K

    Russell K

    پیش روز

    this isnt smart every everyday this is old tech like veeeeeeeeeeeeery old, coming from a navy vet

  40. Andrew Zeitler

    Andrew Zeitler

    پیش روز

    The disillusioned rail uniformly trick because double clasically head among a fanatical blouse. squalid, hushed tub

  41. Don K. Johnson

    Don K. Johnson

    پیش روز

    Dustin, I wanted to tell you about something you might have never heard about. Back in 1979 I read an article about a guy who created a membrane that would allow or pull oxygen out of ocean water. Its made of plastic with red blood cells mixed in with the plastic. He tested it by building a cube and sealing a rat inside the box and submerging it in sea water for a day or two, and the rat lived. I think the guy was a scientist in Israel, but I'm not sure of this. I think I read this in Popular Science. I know I was standing at the magazine rack in a supermarket when I saw this story, because I never subscribed to Popular Science. Then again it might have been in Scientific American. The article went on to say that the Navy was interested in his invention. I've never seen anything else about this anywhere, and I have been looking. Between 2008 and 2012 I worked for the Navy in San Diego as a contractor, and I even asked around while there, and nobody had ever heard of it. So I don't know if it was really a working thing. It could have been and it just went dark. I would love to know if it would really work. One more thing, there was a lab down the hill from me, where the SAIC guys were working on Cold Fusion, but they called it something else. And they got results and it was posted on IRface. Then they shut down the project. Our tax dollars at work.

  42. Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    Dimas Fajar Nugroho

    پیش روز

    Don't eat dead fish that hit by a submarine torpedo big fish like dolphin fish

  43. Abrad85

    Abrad85

    پیش روز

    I'm going say it here: Kiwi co boxes changed my life during the pandemics. Nice sponsorship.

  44. lmw lmw

    lmw lmw

    پیش روز

    Yeahp, smarter every day...and learning from the best, US Navy. Awesome.

  45. RB

    RB

    پیش روز

    Why is there iron in the candle? Thanks

  46. The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    The Elysian Experiment • Music by Sect 11 Hawk

    پیش روز

    Fan-tastic

  47. SUNSEA5

    SUNSEA5

    پیش روز

    Thanks so much! I got a little smarter today! Who knew.

  48. Meh

    Meh

    پیش روز

    "I'm from ohio" "Oh"

  49. angel gallegos

    angel gallegos

    پیش روز

    Why can’t they put a plant

  50. Sean Williams

    Sean Williams

    پیش روز

    Redundancy is always good for systems that keep you alive.

  51. nocola nocola

    nocola nocola

    پیش روز

    15:03 NINE INCH NAIL

  52. Jeff Mitchell

    Jeff Mitchell

    پیش روز

    "deep dive" .. lol, well played

  53. Patrick Hawthorne

    Patrick Hawthorne

    پیش روز

    Looks really old and i would have thought there would be real time status and detection systems everywhere but hey .. what do i know

  54. Jonathan Friesen

    Jonathan Friesen

    پیش روز

    Are not gonna talk about that guy's haircut at 12:17 ? That looks manly compared to alot of goofy silly hairstyle nowadays 😜

  55. dlj rocket

    dlj rocket

    پیش روز

    All very interestig and informative. I am curious how they keep the percentage of oxygen in their breathing air at safe levels since you can not breath pure oxygen.

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      They don’t evacuate the submarine’s atmosphere before they submerge. The nitrogen remains as it isn’t consumed.

  56. random269

    random269

    پیش روز

    Wish he could talk like a normal person.....

  57. Rafael Guillen

    Rafael Guillen

    پیش روز

    Since the air we breath is ~79.2% nitrogen and 20.8% oxygen, in a sub does the Nitrogen levels remain the same? and if it doesn't, how is it made up to keep the same ratio?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      The nitrogen isn’t consumed. It just stays.

  58. The Murph77

    The Murph77

    پیش روز

    Nine inch nail!!

  59. DommoPA

    DommoPA

    پیش روز

    Showed China our best subs .... has this been cleared?

  60. Naveen Paraparan

    Naveen Paraparan

    پیش روز

    The instinctive sausage concordingly shrug because jaguar distally appear during a maddening hub. incompetent, busy sky

  61. Rainbow Squash

    Rainbow Squash

    پیش روز

    Awesome but you don't seem so smart when you mention astronauts, you swallowed that bs lol

  62. WypmanGames

    WypmanGames

    پیش روز

    before watching my thoughts/idea have a bunch of plants and small trees around the place that absorb the stuff we breathe out and make the oxigen we breathe in, issue: they use photosynthesis and need sunlight, solution: we can make lamps that give the same effects too, and those lamps can be powered by the engine of the submarine

    • WypmanGames

      WypmanGames

      پیش روز

      @Eddie J. G. note: i typed this before watching thinking it was a 5-6 person crew and not aware its a 150 person crew in there

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      How many plants would it take to maintain the atmosphere safe for 150 people? How much fresh water would be needed to maintain the plants?

  63. Enila5

    Enila5

    پیش روز

    19:41 father and son

  64. Juan Gabriel Falcon

    Juan Gabriel Falcon

    پیش روز

    Why is the need of scrubbing the CO2? Shouldn't be enough to add the oxygen? (I don't understand why is more CO2 released in the air)

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      We exhale CO2... as in, our bodies produce CO2 as a byproduct of metabolism. We’re constantly making CO2.

  65. Klipk

    Klipk

    پیش روز

    "So is this you job" LOL

  66. J Steensgaard

    J Steensgaard

    پیش روز

    Amazing video as always, but there's one thing i don't understand. Where does the Carbon come from?

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      پیش 20 ساعت

      @Eddie J. G. Alright cool. Thanks man

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      @J Steensgaard yes... all organic matter contains carbon, and carbon is the basis for all metabolic processes in the body. We get more by eating it.

    • J Steensgaard

      J Steensgaard

      پیش روز

      @Eddie J. G. But wouldn't that mean that the people are eventually 'emptied' of carbon? The people need to get the carbon into them somehow. Is that all through food?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      People.

  67. wabs05

    wabs05

    پیش روز

    So interesting thank you! Will discuss this electrolysis method in my science class

  68. B Person

    B Person

    پیش روز

    Do they sing "happy birthday" when they light the candles?

  69. Andrew Murray

    Andrew Murray

    پیش روز

    All you need is a bit of greenery - plants produce oxygen and consume CO2 although....a bit hard without sunlight.

  70. Hey Ho

    Hey Ho

    پیش روز

    3:33 Who else thought they had a massage area

  71. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    پیش روز

    class Delta fire. I like the sound of it.

  72. Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    Bharat Kumar Bellamkonda

    پیش روز

    this video is appearing in my recommendations for than a month. I finally clicked it and liked it. IRface never fails to amaze.

  73. Sheik S

    Sheik S

    پیش روز

    I learn more information about your tips

  74. only pain

    only pain

    پیش روز

    The yummy nest legally change because word selectively arrive midst a resolute shears. somber, exciting exclusive russian

  75. Joe D

    Joe D

    پیش روز

    This was an amazing video

  76. Fenrir Nobody

    Fenrir Nobody

    پیش روز

    When he said it was "self oxidizing", I realized it was a form of thermite reaction, where O2 was an output of the reaction, released into the atmosphere. Amazing.

  77. Sniperbuddy Dex

    Sniperbuddy Dex

    پیش روز

    i dont understand to it... so they are making oxy-hydrogen gas and separating hydrogen and breathable oxygen? because otherwise they could die due to poisoning from "browns gas" and i thought that this process of electrolysis is able to use only in welding technique or cars and not even thinked about it can be used as oxygen generator to submarines. nice video

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      We purify water, then we use electrolysis to separate the oxygen from the hydrogen. We discharge the hydrogen overboard and store the oxygen or release the oxygen straight into the air.

  78. dsfgh zxc

    dsfgh zxc

    پیش روز

    so... the mea doesn't scrub the carbon off of the co2... it actually takes the co2 out of the air

  79. rollonbc

    rollonbc

    پیش روز

    What happens to the co with the lithium hydroxide method?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      @rollonbc I don’t know much about rebreathers.

    • rollonbc

      rollonbc

      پیش روز

      @Eddie J. G. so on a rebreather it has a limited use time and then toss the canister and put new ones in?

    • Eddie J. G.

      Eddie J. G.

      پیش روز

      The lithium hydroxide combines with the CO2 to become lithium carbonate and... just stays that way. We’d just throw it away.

  80. Silvia Fox

    Silvia Fox

    پیش 2 روز

    Fun Fact: We are capable of scrubbing the CO2 out of this planet's atmosphere similarly to the way described in this video in amounts equal to or greater than what we produce. We have already built and used facilities to do such, with the largest currently being built in Texas. It is a 1 Megaton atmospheric CO2 plant, which is the equivalent of 14,000,000 trees in that one CO2 plant. It works great and we would only need 40,000 of those facilities across the world to capture all of the CO2 produced on Earth. Sadly all our anti-CO2 funding is going into monetarily inefficient "green ideas" hyped by the mainstream environmentalists funded by certain institutions focused on selfish goals which are not going to help the majority of our people prosper while keeping our environment healthy.

  81. Dalton Cloninger

    Dalton Cloninger

    پیش 2 روز

    The Clinkers are named after an old blacksmithing term. When a blacksmith burns coal, some of the coal's impurities cant burn and are left behind, so you end up with a chunk of hard rock like materials in your forge. But when those chunks fall in your forge blowing fan they will "clink" around until settling or falling out.

  82. Jeffstan F

    Jeffstan F

    پیش 2 روز

    Oxygen not included. Both way applied.

  83. Open your eyes

    Open your eyes

    پیش 2 روز

    4:40 the dude in the back lol

  84. Bryan Overton

    Bryan Overton

    پیش 2 روز

    "We own practically 90% of the boat" I'm sure that TM div and M div totally agree with that statement.

  85. scubaseppy

    scubaseppy

    پیش 2 روز

    Could you burn this in your house in an emergency for heat?

  86. Tom Liu

    Tom Liu

    پیش 2 روز

    Destin when not filming: Haha I sabotaged your oxygen supply! See ya! ( is among us dead? )

  87. Nate

    Nate

    پیش 2 روز

    Great, now I have the science I need to hide from other humans underwater indefinitely.

  88. Bath Minchew

    Bath Minchew

    پیش 2 روز

    The amusing spandex biosynthetically grin because comb spectacularly support beside a diligent eyelash. anxious, anxious shears

  89. Jacob DeBerry

    Jacob DeBerry

    پیش 2 روز

    Can you do a video on nonlinear acoustic lenses and sound bullets?

  90. Wild Mountain Gwendy

    Wild Mountain Gwendy

    پیش 2 روز

    Sooo...submarines are filled with really tough nerds. That’s awesome.

  91. Jason Garfitt

    Jason Garfitt

    پیش 2 روز

    This is a great video

  92. Trevor Johnston

    Trevor Johnston

    پیش 2 روز

    Is this... like... "legal?" I mean, isn't showing all this stuff kind of like revealing somewhat sensitive information, possibly harmful in the wrong hands? I mean.. shows where and how all the mechanisms for one of the most vital functions keeping our nation's service people *alive*... seems kind of sensitive,

  93. Mr. Gherkin

    Mr. Gherkin

    پیش 2 روز

    O x y g e n

  94. John Springart

    John Springart

    پیش 2 روز

    Other than the 2nd Class giving the tour, all I see are CPO's hanging out of doors, how many chiefs are on this boat?!

  95. Michael Lederman

    Michael Lederman

    پیش 2 روز

    About 40 years ago when I was a teen I bought an Oxygen Welding device from Sears which used a small version of those candles with a red substance on the tip, you'd light them just like you would a match and they burned at a phenomenal rate of heat.

  96. Timothy Jeffiers

    Timothy Jeffiers

    پیش 2 روز

    Cool stuff

  97. David Nielsen

    David Nielsen

    پیش 2 روز

    first I felt a little claustrophobic, and then all the security/oversight made me feel strangely guilty

  98. Muscle Head

    Muscle Head

    پیش 2 روز

    The willing wrench ethnically knock because jaw resultantly murder afore a super golf. tacit, perfect iris

  99. SlipKnighT09

    SlipKnighT09

    پیش 2 روز

    Because subscribing to a new channel is like a breath of fresh air

  100. Test Test

    Test Test

    پیش 2 روز

    "So you're gonna light it?" "No, you are." That's why you do not conceal enthusiasm. So then good people can let you have fun.

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